History records the origin of banking activities is unknown at the time of the kingdom of the past in Europe. Then the banking business has grown to West Asia by traders. Banking development in Asia, Africa and the Americas]] brought by the Europeans at the time of colonization to the colonies in Asia, Africa and the Americas. If we trace the history of banking familiar starting currency exchange services. Thus, in the history of banking, meaning the bank is known as the money changers tables. In the course of the past history of the kingdom of the money changers may be made between the royal kingdom circuitry another one. Exchange activity is now known as the Foreign Exchange Dealer (Money Changer). Then in the subsequent development, banking operations evolve again into daycare money or the so-called current deposit activity. Next banking activities increased the activity of borrowing money. Cash held by the public, by the banks loaned back to the society needs. The services of other banks followed suit with the times and the needs of an increasingly diverse society.
History of Banking in Indonesia
History of banking in Indonesia is inseparable from the colonial Dutch East Indies. At that time there were few banks that plays an important role in the Dutch East Indies. The banks that exist include:
De Javasce NV.
De Post Poar Bank.
De Algemenevolks Crediet Bank.
Handles Maatscappi Nederland (NHM).
Handles Nationale Bank (NHB).
De Escompto Bank NV.
In addition, there are also banks owned by Indonesia and foreigners such as China, Japan, and Europe. These banks include:
National Bank Indonesia.
Gray Merchant Bank.
Boemi Bank NV.
The Chartered Bank of India.
The Yokohama Species Bank.
The Bank Matsui.
The Bank of China.
At the time of independence, the Indonesian banking growing and developing further. Some Dutch banks nationalized by the government of Indonesia. The banks that exist in the early days of independence, among others:
Bank Negara Indonesia, established on July 5, 1946 which is now known as the BNI ’46.
Bank Rakyat Indonesia, which was established on February 22, 1946. The bank originated dar De Algemenevolks Crediet Bank or Syomin Ginko.
Bank Surakarta Prosperous Justice Airlines (MAI) in 1945 in Solo.
Bank Indonesia in Palembang in 1946.
Bank Dagang Nasional Indonesia in 1946 in Medan.
Indonesian Banking Corporation in 1947 in Yogyakarta, and then became Bank Amrita.
Bank NV Manado Sulawesi in 1946.
Indonesian Trade Bank NV in Dublin in 1950 was merged with the Pacific Bank.
Eastern Bank NV in Semarang renamed Bank enjoy doing. Then the merger with Bank Central Asia (BCA) 1949.
In Indonesia, the banking practice has spread to remote rural areas. Financial institutions such as banks in Indonesia shaped Banks, Rural Banks, Commercial Bank of Sharia, and Sharia Rural Banks.
Each bank institution are different characteristics and functions.